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TRENDS IN INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE STUDY (TIMSS) 

The main objective of TIMSS is to assess what students around the world know and can do in Mathematics and Science. The major aim in TIMSS is to provide a rich source of information to policy makers, education managers, curriculum developers, teacher trainers, teachers, assessment bodies, researchers and all stakeholders on the outcome of learning Mathematics and Science and on how the various factors surrounding the learners relate to learning achievement. The project traces trends in the achievement of learners so as to inform participating nations whether learning is improving over time. An integral part of this project is the comparison of performances of the learners in the participating countries so that each country knows how their learners stand in the learning of Mathematics and Science. This study was completed during this period, after national dissemination in May and regional dissemination which was not completed until August 2009. The study indicated that the performance of Botswana students had declined compared to 2003. 

 

1.TIMSS STANDARD 6 - 2011 REPORT

2.TIMSS FORM 2 - 2011 REPORT

 

 PROGRESS IN INTERNATIONAL READING LITERACY STUDY) PIRLS  and prePIRLS

PIRLS (Progress in International Reading Literacy Study) is an assessment of reading comprehension that has been monitoring trends in student achievement at five-year intervals since 2001. PIRLS represents the worldwide standard for reading comprehension at the fourth grade.

As a new initiative in 2011, prePIRLS—a less difficult version of PIRLS—makes it possible for a range of developing countries to assess reading at the end of the primary school cycle.

PIRLS and prePIRLS are projects of IEA (International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement). Headquartered in Amsterdam, IEA has been conducting international comparative studies of student educational achievement since 1959. IEA pioneered studies relating cross-national achievement to the different methods for teaching and learning used across the globe so that countries could learn about effective educational approaches from each other. 

PIRLS and prePIRLS are designed to meet the needs of a range of countries. Although PIRLS is designed to compare reading achievement across countries for students who have had four years of primary schooling, PIRLS can also be given to students in the fifth or sixth grade in countries where the assessment might be too difficult for fourth grade students.

Similarly, depending on a country’s educational development, prePIRLS can be given at the fourth, fifth, or sixth grade. Participating in PIRLS/prePIRLS at two grades, such as prePIRLS at fourth grade and PIRLS at sixth grade, can provide countries with comprehensive data about how well students are learning to read at different points in the educational system.

 

1. pre-PIRLS STANDARD 4 - 2011 REPORT

2. PIRLS  STANDARD 6- 2011 REPORT

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